I am currently trying to write a chapter set in East Anglia in the year 635 and this has set me musing on what happened next. The big picture is that East Anglia was under repeated attack from the Mercians led by Penda until his death in 655. During this period, at least two kings of East Anglia were killed in battle against Penda and a third died, possibly fighting with him. They were all brothers, sons of Eni. This was not, it would seem, a very safe time to be anywhere near the East Anglian court.
However, for a about a decade, this was the home of Hereswith, daughter of Hereric of Deira and sister to the sainted Hilda of Whitby. She was married to Ethelric of East Anglia some time between her baptism in Northumbria in 627 and the death in battle (against Penda and Cadwallon) of Edwin of Northumbria in 633. Ethelric, in turn, was killed in battle against Penda, possibly in 636, although there is another view that the battle did not take place until the early 640s.
During what must have been a fairly brief marriage, Hereswith and Ethelric produced a son, Ealdwulf. Unlike his father and uncles, Ealdwulf had an astonishingly long reign, from 664 to 713.
This brings me to Bede. In 647, he tells us, Hilda travelled to East Anglia to join her sister Hereswith, but Hereswith was not there. ‘For her sister Hereswith … was already living [in the Monastery of Cale] as a professed nun…’ (Bede, A History of the English Church and People, trans. Leo Sherley-Price, Penguin Classics, 1955, iv.23, p.246).
Cale is normally understood to be the Monastery of Chelles, not far from Paris, which was founded by Balthild, the Anglo-Saxon widow of Clovis II. However, she did not found it until after Clovis died in 657/8.
So was Bede a decade out in his dates? Most unlikely; or did Hereswith go somewhere else? Or is Cale not Chelles?
In 647, Ealdwulf may well have reached about the age when his mother considered it reasonable to leave him. He could well have been in his mid-teens. But where were Hereswith and her son between Ethelric’s death and Hereswith’s departure overseas to a monastery? Ethelric was succeeded as King of the East Angles by his brother Anna who was, if Bede is to be believed, something approaching a saintly king. But surely, however saintly he may have been, Ealdwulf would have been seen as a threat to Jurmin, Anna’s son, not to mention to Anna’s two surviving brothers, each of whom became king in turn after him.